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of every four accidents can be blamed on poor backing techniques, according to
the National Safety Council. Poor backing can result in damage to costly
equipment and buildings, and can cause serious injury and death. Backing
accidents are almost always preventable if the driver is properly trained—and
should avoid backing whenever possible, or pick spots that reduce backing to a
minimum. This is a knack that can be learned.
parking accidents could be avoided if drivers would practice defensive parking.
This requires alertness and foresight.
defensively by choosing your parking spot as prudently as you can, not too close
to a corner or driveway, not too close to a road or construction site, and not
where your vehicle will block or crowd other vehicles.
the direction traffic is moving, and center your vehicle in the parking space.
If parked on an incline, turn front wheels to wedge into the curb on the
to do this in some hilly cities (San Francisco, for example) is a traffic
than park at the curb, a driver making residential deliveries may sometimes pull
into a private driveway to park for the errand. This can be dangerous. Before
backing out, make a walk around inspection to be certain no children are playing
an alley that does not permit drive‑through or turnaround, back into the
alley (unless prohibited by local ordinance). This will allow you to see the
traffic picture as you drive out. If you have to back out, ask someone to act as
your guide and signal when it's all clear.
driver who practices defensive parking will never take any situation for
granted, but will observe and judge each parking requirement on its own. Even
though backing into a particular parking spot a dozen times, look and evaluate
the same spot each time to be sure of clearances and to make certain no new
obstacles are in the way.
takes lots of practice to develop good backing skills, and a tight spot is no
place to get this experience.
have access to a test driving area where backing maneuvers can be practiced, use
amazing how many, even if experienced, will have backing accidents in a new
of good backing practices cannot result from any number of years experience in
normal forward driving. When backing up, it's not only the gear that's in
reverse. Learn exactly how the rear end responds to every little twist of the
steering wheel when backing by practice and more practice.
acutely aware of that big blind spot when backing. Even rear‑view mirrors
can't see around the obstruction. Utilize all your mirrors and move
backwards at a crawl.
Utilize all your mirrors and move backwards at a crawl.
only way for the driver to know for sure is to get out and look. By such a walk
around inspection learn the exact clearances on either side, what steering is
needed and the exact distance to your stopping point.
driver must know exactly what is going on around them at all times, this
includes backing up a vehicle and
must be done slowly.
after a walk‑around inspection, it is often advisable to have someone like
a passenger or co-worker
watch and signal for change of direction and for slowing and stopping. The
helper should stand near the left quarter panel . The
signals to be given by the helper should be hand signals, not shouted
should be uniform for all drivers and spotters.
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