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drivers know the special hazards of winter driving, but should be reminded about
the danger of skidding when speed is too high.
the most terrifying experiences in winter driving is the skid. If it happens at
high speed, the result could be a disastrous crash. It is urgent to slow down at
the first hint that the road is slick. Most skids could be avoided by adjusting
to the conditions, and it is possible to recover from skids if you know how.
experienced driver knows that skids are likely on curves and turns, so slow down
ahead of time, then apply power slightly into the curve. Steering is steady,
with no abrupt change in direction and, especially, no abrupt braking.
ahead of time for lane changes; check your rearview mirrors, check your blind
spots and signal your intentions to
traffic behind and swing over in a long, gradual tangent. Make the move with the
smallest possible steering change and with a light foot on the gas.
go into a skid, remember two cardinal rulesódon't steer against the skid and
don't hit the brakes. Instead, steer in the direction the vehicle is sliding
until you feel recovery of traction, then slowly straighten the wheels and keep
braking is necessary before rolling traction is recovered, apply the break
peddle carefully so as not to lock the wheels and intensify the skid. You have
better control in a skid situation if your vehicle is equipped with anti-lock
expert driver is constantly on the lookout for areas that might induce skidding,
such as unexpected ice patches or piles of wet leaves, to be found especially in
shady areas or on overpasses. Keep in mind that wet ice, warmed by the sun, is
twice as treacherous as "cold" ice.
all, the expert driver knows that a safe stop on icy or snow‑packed roads
is a tricky maneuver which requires skill and good judgment. First of all,
anticipate stops. Slow down gradually, well ahead of intersections, conscious of
the fact that approaches to stopping places are apt to be polished and slick,
because of stopping and starting traffic.
accidents are so common in winter, the expert driver makes a double allowance
for the sake of safety. First, drive on slippery roads at reduced speed; and
second, increase following distance behind the vehicle ahead. This gives an
extra space cushion for safe stopping, in case there is trouble ahead.
traction, as every driver knows, makes a difference between winter and summer
driving. So every driver should learn how to get the best possible traction when
the going is slippery.
you drive into deep snow, you may find that stepping on the gas only provides a
spinning of the wheels, with little if any forward movement. In such cases, one
should avoid over‑powering. A light foot on the gas pedal and a high gear
get stuck in the deep snow, you may only spin your wheels in trying to get out.
Sometimes it helps to twist the steering wheel back and forth to push away snow
in front, then try againólightly. A sprinkling of sand or light gravel in
front of drive wheels, or a traction mat of wire mesh or a strip of carpet may
rocking, back and forward, may help regain traction, but first know whether such
shifting from forward to reverse and back again might damage your particular
transmission. Even a shoveling out of snow may be necessary when you're stuck.
distance, depends directly on the kind of contact the vehicle tires make with
the slippery surface of the road. Your tires should have good tread surfaces.
There will be times that snow tires, and even chains, may be best to help keep
your vehicle under control during those blustery winter storms.
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